Scientific fraud cases

  • Posted on: 24 April 2014
  • Last updated on: 20 December 2016

Important dates

This page is still under construction.

2017

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

1999

  • The Inserm created its delegation for research integrity (DIS)
1998

  • The Inserm created the first mission of reflexion of research integrity
1993

1992

  • In May 1992, the Office of Scientific Integrity (OSI) and the Office of Scientific Integrity Review (OSIR) were consolidated into the Office of Research Integrity (ORI)
  • The National Academy of Sciences published Responsible Science: Ensuring the Integrity of the Research Process, Vol. 1. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences Press (1992).
1989

  • The Public Health Service (PHS) created the Office of Scientific Integrity (OSI) in the Office of the Director, NIH
  • The Public Health Service (PHS) created the Office of Scientific Integrity Review (OSIR) in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health (OASH).
1986

  • The NIH assigned to its Institutional Liaison Office a responsibility for receiving and responding to reports of research misconduct
  • Public Health Service. "Interim Policies and Procedures forDealing With Possible Misconduct in Science." NIH Guide to Grants and Contracts 15 (11) 1-37 (July 18, 1986).
1985

  • The United States Congress passed the Health Research Extension Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-158). The Section 493, which was added to the Public Health Service (PHS) Act, required research institutions to reviewreports of "scientific fraud" and required the Director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to establish an administrative process to respond to such information and to recommend sanctions where appropriate.
1981

  • Albert Gore Jr., A young Democratic House representative and chair of the Investigations and Oversight Subcommittee of the House Science and Technology Committee.
1974

  • First cases of scientific fraud emerged in the USA. According the USA Research Integrty Office,"some twelve cases of research misconduct were disclosed in this country between 1974-1981".
1830

  • Charles Babbage published "Reflections on the Decline of Science in England" in which he discussed "several species of impositions that have been practised in science", namely "hoaxing, forging, trimming and cooking".
1668

  • The chemist Robert Boyle published "Two Essays, Concerning the Unsuccessfulness of Experiment" (Henry Herringman, 1668).
The 9th century

  • The first documented description of a peer-review process was presented in the Ethics of the Physician book written, in the 9th-century, by the Arab physician Ishaq ibn Ala al-Ruhawi (854-931) In 2002, Ray Spier published in Trends in Biotechnology : "the history of the peer-review process".